Abenaki Heritage and Culture

Credit: Frederick Wiseman 

Vermont's human history started 12,900 years ago when people called the Paleo-Indians first moved into the land we now call Vermont.

Known in more recent history as the Abenaki, Vermont’s native peoples are related to other tribes living throughout New England, Quebec and the Canadian Maritime Provinces. Abenakis have lived in Vermont continually for generations.

Native knowledge, experience, and traditions have deeply influenced many aspects of Vermont's rich history and culture, and today Abenaki people continue to enrich their communities as Vermonters and as Abenaki.

Vermont currently has four state-recognized Abenaki tribes:

Elnu Logo
Koas Abenaki Nation
Nulhegan Flag
Missisquoi Elnu Koasek Nulhegan

Experience Abenaki Heritage and Culture

An abundance of statewide events, historic sites and educational exhibits explore the customs and heritage of today’s Abenaki.

Chimney Point

Places to Visit
Learn about the Abenaki people by taking a trip and seeing for yourself. Historic sites, museums, and archaeology centers are great places to begin your exploration.

Abenaki Festival

Things to Do
Once you've witnessed Abenaki historic sites and exhibits, enhance your cultural understanding by taking part in Abenaki traditions. Participate in competitive tournaments, heritage festivals, paddle a canoe on Otter Creek, and get social at Brighton State Park.

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