Vermont’s Beginnings

Vermont is Rich With History

Vermont’s story began in 1791, when it joined the original 13 colonies to become the 14th state. Its name comes from “Les Monts Verts,” French for Green Mountains, in homage to the 67 mountains and states that give our landscape its topography and striking views. The Green Mountain State is bordered by Canada, New York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire. It is 157.4 miles in length, 90.3 miles wide at the Canadian border*, and 41.6 miles along the Massachusetts border. The Connecticut River forms the eastern boundary, while the western boundary with New York runs down the middle of Lake Champlain for more than half of its length. 

Vermont was the first state whose Constitution banned slavery, and many of its homes were stops on the Underground Railroad, a path slaves used to get to freedom in the North. The African American Heritage Trail explores Vermont’s civil rights roots and Black history. Vermont was also the first state to pass marriage equality laws for same-sex couples through the Legislature. 

Vermont is the top producer of maple syrup in the country, and is home to about 1,000 dairy farms. Our state forests boast the highest concentration of sugar maples in the U.S., which gives our fall foliage plenty of pop. 

About 630,000 people call Vermont home and enjoy more than 1,000 hiking trails, more than 50 state parks, 19 downhill ski areas and more than 100 historic covered bridges. 

Vermont’s historic sites and museums take visitors through the history of life in Vermont, from early settlement to the state’s role in the Revolutionary War to the many notable figures who’ve called it home.


First-Hand History

Vermont’s historic sites open to the public seasonally and feature museums, historic homes, guided tours and the chance to see Vermont’s beginnings up close.

A man gazing at a framed American Flag inside a museum.

History through Museums

Vermont’s museums bring history to life. Interactive exhibits, family-friendly displays and experiences will leave you wanting more.



Think you’ve seen it all in Vermont? Think again - there's always more to discover. This collection of checklists and guides will help you find your next adventure.

Vermont 251 Club logo.

251 Club

Exploring every inch of Vermont starts here. The 251 Club, named after Vermont’s 251 towns, was established to get to know the “real” Vermont.

Morning hike during sunset

Read the Blog

Our stories hub is here to help you keep up with what’s going on in Vermont. Read about hidden gems across the Green Mountains and keep thinking Vermont.

covered bridge in the winter

Covered Bridges

Vermont is home to more than 100 covered bridges, boasting more covered bridges per square mile than any other U.S state. They offer unique opportunities for exploration.